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Berlin’s cathedral (left: main doorway), Relief: Martin Luther in front of the Wormser Reichstag
Berlin’s cathedral (left: main doorway), Relief: Martin Luther in front of the Wormser Reichstag (Photo: Wikipedia)

Freedom was a central term in Martin Luther’s belief, actions and his attitude. His writing “Von der Freiheit eines Christenmenschen” shows this most obviously. His call for freedom was understood in diverse ways during the Reformation, like the relationship of the individual person towards clerical and temporal authority. Following the freedom of the individual person the freedom of the conscience develops, which until nowadays shapes our togetherness in state, church and society. 

Luther’s call for the moral conscience against public and clerical authorities at the Wormser Reichstag 1521 is a core event with great effect: The independent thinking was woken. People discovered their own personality more and more and they became more emancipated towards church and state. By focusing on autonomy and the conscious decision by every individual person, the Reformation sounded the bell for the end of the unlimited power of the authorities.