Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483, the son of Hans and Margarete Luther in Eisleben. As the second of nine children and the son of a mine owner and councilman, Luther grew up in modest wealth. Between 1501 and 1505 he graduated from one of the most important universities in central Germany, the University of Erfurt, and completed his studies with “Magister Artium” (Master of Arts). He followed his father’s wish and started studying law. However, this was ended soon after a sudden event that would change Luther’s life forever.
On July 2, 1505, Luther went home after visiting his parents and ended up in a thunderstorm in Stotternheim close to Erfurt. Fearing for his life, he vowed to become a friar. Only two weeks later, he joined the Order of the Augustiner-Eremiten (Augustinian hermits) in Erfurt. As Brother Martin, he led a strict life as a friar. He started studying theology and was sanctified a priest in 1507. In 1512, he gained his PhD in Wittenberg where he worked as professor for theology until his death.