Speyer is one of the oldest cities in Germany and was already an important European centre in the Middle Ages. The spread of the Reformation is closely linked to the imperial diets convened in Speyer. Above all, the diet of 1526 made the city a focal point in Germany’s unfolding history.
Protest against the Imperial Ban
The princes were granted the right to decide the confessional question for themselves. The responsibility for implementing the Edict of Worms, which had forbidden the distribution of Luther’s writings and placed the Protestant reformer under the imperial ban, was also left to the princes. When the imperial diet convened again in 1529, the Edict of Worms was reinstated.
The new movement has a name
As a result, nineteen Lutheran princes and cities publicly declared their convictions and protested against the placing of the imperial ban on Luther. It was this protest that led the supporters of the new religious movement to be referred to as ‘Protestants’. The neo-Gothic Memorial Church, with its Luther Monument, and the Baroque Trinity Lutheran Church continue to recall these events today.