Philipp Melanchthon, born February 16 1497, was raised in Brettheim, the name the Württemberg Bretten was called back then. He was a life-long, close friend of Martin Luther. In 1897, the Melanchthon House was built as a memorial place instead of the birth place of the Reformer which burned down in 1689. The foundation stone was laid on February 16 1897, his 400th birthday. The finished building was inaugurated in 1903. The magnificent neo-Gothic Melanchthon House at the market place is designed in the late Gothic style and represents a unique masterpiece in the style of historicism.
A museum with research unit
In addition to a museum and a research unit, the house contains an enormous Melanchthon special library and a documentation area of the international Melanchthon research association.
The place contains a remembrance hall with frescoes and further rooms with approximately 11,000 books, 450 original hand writings of the Reformer, statues, emblems, paintings, commemorative coins and graphics. The interior design, composed of wall and ceiling panels, sculptures, murals and other artworks, book cases, cabinets, further furnishings, as well as precious crown glass windows, stayed completely unchanged since the opening of the house in 1903.